Since unbalanced force is transmitted bilaterally to the jaw joint, tooth deficiencies can cause joint problems in later periods and cause the non-functional jawbone to melt continuously. Various treatment options are available to address this condition. These options are divided into three as fixed, mobile and implant-supported prostheses.
“Implants” are metal screws placed in the jaw bone under local anesthesia under sterile conditions and mimicking tooth roots, produced from “pure titanium” and developed surface properties (by methods such as acid etching-sandblasting). Under normal conditions, foreign substances placed in the body are not accepted by the body’s immune system and a “foreign body reaction” occurs around the placed substance. Since titanium is not perceived as a foreign body in the body, there is no “foreign body reaction” around it.
The implants are placed in one or two stages and 1.5-3 months after they are placed in the bone, new bone tissue is formed around them and fuses with the jawbone. Then, the superstructure is built as planned. In some cases, if the amount of bone available for dental implant surgery is insufficient, the use of some materials (grafting with bone or artificial bone alternatives, use of healing membranes and fixation tools, sinus floor elevation in the upper jaw, etc.) and additional surgical approaches may be required to support the jaw bone before and during the procedure. In this case, considering the physiological recovery time of the bone, it should be known that the treatment period may be extended by 3-6 months or more.
Clinical follow-up, personal care and hygiene recommendations to be given to you after the procedure should be followed. Various medications you use related to your habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption and your general health condition may adversely affect the healing of your gums and tissues around the implant and limit the success of surgical treatment. Possible risks and complications of dental implant surgery are listed below, but risks and complications are not limited to these conditions:
Pain and swelling that may require home rest for a few days after surgery may develop.
Bleeding may develop in a short and long time, which may require additional treatment.
Damage to adjacent teeth and/or tooth roots may occur.
Postoperative infection that may require additional treatment may occur.
Small cracks and bruises may occur as a result of pulling the rim of the mouth during surgery.
There may be a limitation in opening the mouth for a few days after surgery.
There may be numbness, pain or tingling sensation that may develop in the operated area (jaw tip, lips, cheeks, gums, tongue or teeth) due to the damage that may occur in the nerve branches that provide sensitivity of the jawbone and soft tissue. These symptoms may last longer or may be permanent as they may last for days.
Sinus opening requiring additional treatment (opening of the sinus cavity surrounding the roots of the teeth in the posterior region of the upper jaw to the oral environment) In case of sinus opening, sinusitis findings may develop and require additional treatment. Therefore, the healing process may be prolonged.
In cases where the bone where the implant is placed is insufficient during the surgery, fine cracks or fractures may occur in the bone.
Over time, bone loss may occur around the implant.
In some cases, fixing tools such as plates, screws can be used. In these cases, an additional surgical procedure may be required to remove the plate or screws.
There may be loss of implants or prostheses. Rarely, dental implants, parts holding the prosthesis or the prosthesis itself may be lost due to chewing stress.
The implant can be rejected due to any problem in the biological compatibility of the implant with the jawbone. When the implant is lost, another implant can be placed in the same area again by following the bone healing in the relevant region.
No guarantee for a certain period of time can be given regarding the life of dental implications. It is not possible to estimate the exact success rate. There is no guarantee or assurance that the recommended treatment will resolve all of your complaints before the treatment. It should be kept in mind that despite the most appropriate treatment effort, failure, return, and re-treatment may occur.