Temporomandibular joint disorder is a syndrome that causes pain and function loss in the chewing muscles. It’s been becoming more and more common. It’s caused by the loss of adjustment between articular surface and disc.
Causes of temporomandibular joint disorder:
Signs of temporomandibular joint disorder:
A total recovery may not be possible for every case. If the disorder is caused by bite occlusion or it is relieved after orthodontic treatment, patient experiences a great comfort, but the tissue that’s been damaged can’t be healed.
With the temporomandibular joint disorder treatment, the proper chewing behaviour is taught to the patient and the further abrasion is prevented.
The disorder is first diagnosed by oral and maxillofacial specialists, and the patient is informed on the treatment plan. If the patient agrees, the treatment is applied.
A multidisciplinary approach is required in this case. Besides the treatment that will be applied by the specialists, a consultation from an orthodontist, a physical therapist, a psychiatrist and a neurologist.
Patient education and protective treatment, splint treatment, medicine treatment, exercises, physical treatment, psychiatric support and arthrocentesis is used in the treatment.