The diseases affecting the supporting tissues and gums around the teeth are called periodontal diseases. Periodontal diseases can be treated if they are diagnosed on time. Periodontal diseases cover a wide area from a simple gingivitis to severe infections where the jaw bones melt and the teeth are shaken and lost.
The main cause of gingival diseases is the bacterial plaque and its tooth stones. In addition, in some people, body defense mechanisms work inadequately in the tooth-gum region and the disease may occur. Crisscross teeth are also one of the most important factors in the formation of bacterial plaque and tartar. Genetic structure is also an important factor in the development of the disease. Periodontal diseases due to smoking have been frequently encountered in recent years. When the gums are first examined in smoking, although they appear to be hemorrhagic and healthy, there are melts in the alveolar bone surrounding the tooth due to systemic deterioration of bone mineral tissue.
Symptoms of Gingival Diseases:
Bleeding in the gums during tooth brushing,
Red, swollen and bleeding gums,
The gums begin to separate from the teeth,
Continuous bad breath,
Inflammation between the gums and teeth,
Shaking and spacing of teeth,
Change in the closure of the teeth in case of biting,
Change of closure of removable prostheses in the mouth
The main cause of gum diseases is the bacterial plaque and the dental stones it creates. In addition, in some people, body defense mechanisms work inadequately in the dental-gum area and disease may occur. Crisscross teeth are also one of the most important factors in the formation of bacterial plaque and tartar. Genetic structure is also an important factor in the development of the disease. Periodontal diseases due to smoking have been frequently encountered in recent years. When the gums are first examined in smoking, although they appear to be hemorrhagic and healthy, there are melts in the alveolar bone surrounding the tooth due to the deterioration of bone mineral tissue systematically. Another behavioral risk factor such as oral hygiene disorder and smoking is “stress”. Stress increases the susceptibility of the person to the disease in the development and progression of periodontal disease as in every disease. Another factor is hormonal changes and the disease can be seen during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation and menopause. Again, systematic diseases such as blood diseases and diabetes cause periodontal disease.
Since jagged teeth with impaired gingival harmony cannot be cleaned as easily as regular teeth, plaque accumulation and tartar formation are very high compared to regular teeth. The most important cause of gum diseases is crooked and crooked teeth.
Closing disorders cause trauma by overloading the teeth during chewing. The bones around the teeth exposed to excessive closing forces may melt due to trauma. In teeth without caries and healthy mouth, they may lose the supporting bone tissue and may fall out by shaking.
According to the researches, there is a genetic predisposition. In addition, the probability of developing gum disease increases with poor oral care.
Smoking causes many important diseases such as cancer, lung, heart diseases. It is also harmful for the oral mucosa and gums. Softening of the gums and the development of gum diseases
Birth control pills, antidepressants, heart medicines affect your oral health.
You should pay attention to your oral hygiene during periods of intense hormonal changes such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and menstruation. Your gums are sensitive at this time. Tendency to gum disease increases. In addition, thyroid diseases cause periodontal problems.
Hypertension is one of the causes of many diseases such as cancer, as well as risk factors for gum diseases. Stress, including periodontal diseases, makes it difficult for the body to fight infection.
They cause periodontal tissue destruction by reducing the force between the teeth and gums. One of the reasons for recession in the gums is clenching teeth. This tightening can be stopped by installing a night plate.
It causes the body’s immune system to weaken and, consequently, to struggle with infections, including gingival infection. Especially vitamin C deficiencies lead to gingival problems.
Diabetic patients fall into the high-risk group in terms of periodontal (gingival) infection. They should also pay attention to oral hygiene. Bad oral hygiene may cause tooth loss in the early period.
Crowns and bridges with impaired gingival harmony or overflowing fillings cause problems in the gums.
Periodontal diseases can be diagnosed by evaluating bone loss with periodontal gingival pocket measurements and panoramic X-rays in routine dental examinations.
Early treatment of gum diseases is usually dental stone cleaning and root surface flattening ( Subgingival Curettage ). At these stages, bacterial deposits and dental stones are removed from the pockets around the teeth and root surfaces are flattened. Bacteria and toxic substances that cause inflammation are removed from the mouth with these procedures. Successful results are obtained from these procedures applied in the early stages of gingival diseases.
Surgical intervention may be required in advanced patients. The purpose of the surgical intervention is to remove the dental stones and diseased tissues in the deep pockets from the environment, to flatten the root surfaces, to remove inflamed tissues and to give the gums an appropriate shape for easy cleaning.
For healthy gums, brush your gums three times a day with a fluoride toothpaste and after each meal if possible.
Use dental floss once a day (before going to bed at night).
Clean your teeth well.
Be careful what you eat. Avoid foods that contain excessively refined sugar, especially food that sticks to your teeth. Choose foods such as green vegetables and apples.
Take enough vitamins A and C. These are found in melon, broccoli, spinach, liver, dairy products, oranges, grapefruit, tomatoes, potatoes and green peppers.
In addition, it is very important to visit the dentist regularly and have oral examinations. Daily oral care can keep the formation of tartar to a minimum, but it cannot completely prevent it.